It’s hard to imagine a system more driven by privilege than the fraught application process to elite colleges.
I’ve been thinking a lot about flags lately. What will be the symbols of our movement in the future? Here’s one offering.
Relatable-yet-superhuman, Nancy Drew has been an enduring cultural icon, debuting in 1930 and starring in hundreds of books along with films, television series, and video games. When I was introduced to Nancy in 1998, I devoured every volume of the yellow-spined mystery series that I could get my hands on. The heroine is a spunky, prodigious girl detective who solves hundreds of cases, succeeding when lawmen cannot. Nancy is sarcastic, confident, and an ace at evading the many criminals who tail her powder blue Mustang convertible during high-speed chases. In the early 20th century, the Nancy Drew series was lauded as presenting “an amazing alternative to the career choice of secretary and milliner that other children’s books provided” (Paretsky, 1991, p. 9). The syndication of the ‘Nancy Drew’ archetype created a significant blueprint for modern American girl and womanhood – one that helped inspire a model of empowered womanhood that dominates 20th and 21st century American life with a Who’s Who of public figures including Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Sonya Sotomayor, Oprah Winfrey, Hillary Clinton, Diane Sawyer, Laura Bush, Barbara Walters, Nancy Pelosi, and Sandra Day O’Connor (Murphy, 2009; Shipman & Rucci, 2009) citing her as an inspiration. Viewing Nancy with an intersectional lens complicates this narrative: aspirational, independent, but never rebellious, Nancy Drew is a thoroughly modern product, created through a fine-tuned capitalist production and distribution model. Her actions and beliefs reflect both traditional middle-class values and the expanding role of American youth and women in the wake of the Progressive Era. The books affirm WASP superiority and the original editions, revised in the 60s, are rife with racial stereotypes. A contemporary reader could easily dismiss Nancy Drew as an upper-middle-class ‘white savior.’
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1736P_wnmzk The CONNOTATIVE MEANINGS of such words as “majority,” “minority,” “Black,” “White,” “illegal aliens,” “wealthy,” “poor,” “educated,” “uneducated,” ESPECIALLY WHEN THEY ARE GROUPED TOGETHER AND WHEN THEY ARE REFERRING TO PEOPLE, are more powerful and deeply seated than their denotative meanings. Once internalized, these connotations stay out of view, shape people’s perceptions of themselves and others, and drive their behaviors; as such, people no longer question their validity or lasting and harmful effects.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8xP0Pmdw_4 The neoliberal cities are distinctly marked with the state’s withdrawal from public services and the marketization of every social space of existence. How do these characteristics factor in the modern political life? Find out in this video.