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Divided: a Documentary on Chicago’s Segregation



This documentary explores the history of residential segregation in Chicago and how it has shaped the city today. The racial segregation of the city has flown under the radar even when the racial distribution of the city has not changed much over the years. The discrimination and segregation of blacks in Chicago have been going on since the Jow Crow laws that were terrorizing the South. The migration of the blacks to Chicago forced them into a small section of the city, The Black Belt. There have been firebombing, racially constricted covenants, and city policies that have kept black people out of white neighborhoods. This pushed the black migrants into over-crowded and over-priced neighborhoods on the South Side. The race tensions led to the race riots in 1919. In 1948, the Supreme Court declared racial covenants unenforceable. Although, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) still wished for racial divides so they created a map rating the safest places to live based on the were the black people lived. The FHA created a tactic to scare white folks into moving by sending a black lady down a street in the white neighborhood pushing a stroller. The bank would then by the white people’s house for below market value and then sell it over-priced to the black people.

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