How to Find:
Books | Reference Sources |
| Journal Articles |
| Images | Citing Sources
Research Rescue is Here! Sign up for individual help!
Using Catalogs to locate books:
- Search by Keyword
- Find and Use Subject Headings
- Browse the shelves by Call Number
3.) WestCat -
Western Michigan's catalog
Using Subject Headings
Library of Congress Subject Headings in Ariadne:
Ancient Greek and Latin Texts Series Books in Ariadne:
Loeb Classical Library
Scriptorum Classicorum Bibliotheca Oxoniensis
Bibliotheca Scriptorum Graecorum Et Romanorum Teubneriana
Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World
Brill's Companions in Classical Studies
Brill's Companion to Thucydides, DF229.T6 B75 2006
Cambridge Companions to Literature Series, Classical Works:
The Cambridge Companion to Virgil / edited by Charles Martindale, PA6825 .C35 1997
The Cambridge Companion to the Greek and Roman novel / edited by Tim Whitmarsh, PA3040 .C36 2008
The Cambridge Companion to Roman satire / edited by Kirk Freudenburg, PA6095 .C36 2005
The Cambridge Companion to Ovid / edited by Philip Hardie, PA6537 .C28 2002
The Cambridge Companion to Homer / edited by Robert Fowler, PA4037 .C258 2004
The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman theatre / edited by Marianne McDonald and J. Michael Walton, PA3201 .C26 2007
The Cambridge Companion to Greek tragedy / edited by P.E. Easterling, PA3131 .C29 1997
The Cambridge Companion to Herodotus / edited by Carolyn Dewald and John Marincola, PA4004 .C36 2006
Cambridge Companion To The Ancient World
Cambridge Companion to Archaic Greece, DF77 .C317 2007
Cambridge Companion To The Classics
The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus, DG279 .C35 2005
Ancient Greek and Latin Texts Online:
APIS Advanced Papyrological Information System
APIS is a collections-based repository hosting information about and images of papyrological materials (e.g. papyri, ostraca, wood tablets, etc) located in collections around the world. It contains physical descriptions and bibliographic information about the papyri and other written materials, as well as digital images and English translations of many of these texts. When possible, links are also provided to the original language texts (e.g. through the Duke Data Bank of Documentary Papyri).
Packard Humanities Institute Classical Latin Texts Online
The Packard Humanities Institute‘s collection of digital Latin texts is now available free online. Previously, this collection was only available on the PHI #5 CD-ROM. It contains the texts of over 350 Latin Authors, including almost all Latin texts before 200 CE, (with a handful of later authors), which are now readable and searchable online. It allows simple word and concordance searches.
The Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) is a non-profit foundation dedicated to archaeology, music, film preservation, historic conservation, and early education.
Perseus Digital Library
Free Database, Classics and the Ancient World - primary texts,
site plans, and artifacts
Greek and Roman Documents
Perseus under PhiloLogic
"The texts we make available on this site are practically all used
by permission from the Perseus Project at Tufts University, the foremost
Digital Library for the classical world, if not for the Humanities in general.
You will here find just about the same texts as at the Tufts site, but the
mechanism for browsing and searching them is a different one. It is PhiloLogic,
a system that was especially developed for large textual databases by the ARTFL project at the University of Chicago. While the original Perseus site is an excellent tool
for linear reading, by putting all kinds of resources on the same page while
a user reads a passage, we were interested in leveraging the rich encoding
for searching the texts, and for other tasks that are less about reading
and more about research: corpus linguistics, above all."
Thesaurus Linguae Graecae
from Electronic Resources for Classicists, by Maria C. Pantelia
Abridged version of the TLG - free, open access
"The Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (TLG®) is a research center at the University of California, Irvine. The TLG has collected and digitized the entire corpus of Ancient Greek and Byzantine literature. The full TLG corpus is open to institutions and individuals by subscription. The site, however, provides open access to the TLG bibliographical materials, known as the Canon of Greek Authors and Works and the
abridged version of the TLG with more than 100 authors and works available to browse or search."
MIT Internet Classics Archive
Select from a list of 441 works of classical literature by 59 different authors.
Mainly Greco-Roman works (some Chinese and Persian), all in English translation.
Ancient History Sourcebook - The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook is part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project.
Paul Halsall, April 1998-October 2000, firstname.lastname@example.org
The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use.
Online Classics Reference Sources
Cambridge Ancient History
Perseus Digital Library
Free Database, Classics and the Ancient World - primary texts, site plans, and artifacts:
Greek and Roman Documents
Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser
Grove Dictionary of Art
Oxford Art Online
> includes the Grove Dictionary of Art
Oxford Companion to Western Art
Useful Classics Reference sources in the Library:
- Classical studies : a guide to the reference literature, Ref. PA91 .J4 2006
- The Edinburgh Companion to ancient Greece and Rome, Ref. DE59 .E3 2006
- Latin Literature : a History, Ref. PA6008 .C6613 1994
- Brill's New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient world, Ref. DE5 .N4813 2002
- The Cambridge Ancient History, (14 volumes), Ref. D57 .C252
- The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Ref. DE5 .O9 2003
- The Cambridge Dictionary of Classical civilization, Ref. DE5 .C28 2006
- Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts, Ref. PA31 .G4713 2009
- The Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Ref. BL715 .G713 1985
- The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature, Ref. PA31 .H69 1989
- Chronologies of the Ancient World: names, dates and dynasties, Ref. D101.7 .H4713 2007
- A Genealogical Chart of Greek mythology, Ref. BL785 .N44 2003
- The Oxford Illustrated History of the Roman World, Ref. DG231 .O94 2001
- The Oxford Illustrated History of Greece and the Hellenistic World, Ref. DF214 .O94 2001
- The Dictionary of Art, (34 volumes) Ref. N31 .D5 1996
Language Dictionaries: (use for literature abbreviations as well)
- A Greek-English lexicon, Ref. PA445.E5 L6 1925
- Oxford Latin dictionary, Ref. PA2365.E5 O9 1982
Art Reference Sources:
- The Dictionary of Art, Ref. N31 .D5 1996
- The Oxford Dictionary of Art, Ref. N33 .O93 2004
- The Oxford Companion to Western Art, Ref. N33 .O923 2001
- Historical Atlas of the Ancient world, (Brill) Ref. G1033 .H5 2010
- Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman world, Ref. G1033 .B3 2000
- Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman world : Map-by-map Directory,
Ref. G1033 .B3 2000 Suppl. v.1 & v.2
- Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome, Ref. DG209 .C6645 2003
Library of Congress Classification...
Finding Book Chapters, also called Book Articles:
To find chapters within books, do a keyword search on your
topic, whether your topic is an idea, a period of history,
or a person. A keyword search will search multiple fields
of the record for a book, such as title, author, contents note, etc.
In keyword search in Ariadne, you can also search for your
topic specifically in the contents note field, where chapter
titles are listed. To search the contents note field, your
search would look like this:
Example: n:asian minor
You can also find book chapters in the
Essay and General Literature Index.
In the Essay and General Literature Index,
you can limit your search to book chapters by choosing
"chapter" in the
Document Type Phrase drop down box.
Essay and General Literature Index
Cites essays contained in anthologies and collections published
in the United States, Great Britain and Canada.
Coverage spans the humanities and social sciences, including
literary works, art history, drama, and film.
Note: Don't forget to use Print and Online Bibliographies
Finding Journal Articles
Off-Campus Access to Licensed Resources
Scholarly Journals and Popular Magazines/Newspapers
Scholarly Journals (Classical Philology)
- Authors are scholars or researchers in their fields.
- Authors cite their sources in footnotes, endnotes, and bibliographies.
- Individual issues have little or no advertising.
- Articles must go through a peer-review process.
- Articles usually report original scholarly research.
- Most illustrations are charts, figures, or graphs.
- Authors use the specialized language or jargon of the discipline.
Popular Magazines (National Geographic, Smithsonian)
- Authors are free lance writers or magazine staff members.
- Authors may mention sources, but rarely cite them in notes or bibliographies.
- Individual issues contain many advertisements.
- There is no peer review process. Articles are reviewed by editors or publishers.
- Illustrations are numerous and colorful.
- Articles are meant to inform and entertain an educated audience.
- Language is written for the general adult audience (no specialized jargon).
Scholarly or Not?
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory Online
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory (Ref. Desk Z6941 .U5)
Look for section called "Document Type"
Document Type MUST say "Academic/Scholarly Publication"
to be considered scholarly!
Classics Journals in Ariadne - paper format:
American Journal of Archaeology, call number CC1 .A6 - online
The Classical Journal,
call number PA1 .C4 - online
call number PA1 .C5 - online
What Journals does the Library Own?
- In paper - Check Ariadne -
search on your discipline or subject area, and in Step 2,
limit the location to "Periodicals"
- Online - Check
Online Journals at K
- to find out what online journals the Library subscribes to
Do you have access to a journal?
1.) Ariadne (print)
- Title search on Title of the Journal
to locate print journal
Online Journals at K
- Title search on Title of the Journal
to locate article in a Full Text Database
3.) WestCat -
Western Michigan's catalog
Is a particular journal covered in a specific Index?
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory Online
Advanced Search Help
> Index for Classical Studies, 1924 - 2007
(No Full Text!) 1,500+ journals indexed
- "Full Text" Search means a Keyword
Search in L’Année Philologique
- Mutliple terms entered in the search box are processed as
a Boolean AND by default. - What does this mean? All of
your words entered into the Search Box will be tied together with AND.
- Enclosing words in "double quotes" does not make them a Phrase Search in L’Année Philologique
Point and hover over journal abbreviations in your L’Année Philologique results list and you will see the full journal title! It's magic!
Abbreviations Used in L'Annee Philologique Comprehensive list of abbreviations for scholarly journals in all subject fields.
For subject searching - subject categories changed with volume 67,
produced in 1996
Deutsche Archäologische Institut -
DAI (German Archaeological Institute)
Bibliographies of the DAI
The Eichstätt Information System for Classical Studies
An international database of citations for books, journal articles,
conference papers and dissertations on ancient history,
classical philology, and archaeology.
- Tables of Contents of Journals of Interest to Classicists
Maintained by PMW Matheson (Toronto, Canada) and Jacques Poucet (Louvain, Belgium).
List of Journals Indexed in TOCS-IN
TOCS-IN provides the tables of contents of a selection of
Classics, Near Eastern Studies, and Religion journals, both
in text format and through a Web search program. It makes
available -- for searching, browsing, or downloading --
the tables of contents of about 185 journals of interest
to classicists. Where possible, links are given to articles
that have full text or an abstract available online (about 15%).
Indexes in the Arts and the Humanities
Arts & Humanities Citation Index <
(from Web of Knowledge) 1,300+ journals indexed
Provides access to current and retrospective bibliographic information and cited
references found in nearly 1,150 of the world's leading arts & humanities
journals. Cited reference searching.
Coverage: 1993 - Present
MLA International Bibliography
> 4,400+ journals indexed
The Modern Language Association International Bibliography
indexes thousands of publications, including articles,
books, book chapters, and dissertations. Subjects included:
literature, language, linguistics, and folklore.
There are no abstracts.
Coverage: 1926 - Present.
> 625+ journals indexed
Bibliographic index that covers English language periodicals in the humanities.
Feature articles are indexed, as are interviews, obituaries, bibliographies,
and reviews of plays, operas, ballets, dance, musicals, movies, television and
radio. Offers detailed abstracts.
Coverage: Indexing - 1984 - present; Abstracting - 1994 - present.
Art Abstracts provides abstracting and indexing for 400+ international art publications, both English and foreign-language, including periodicals, yearbooks, and museum bulletins. Art Abstracts covers contemporary art around the world, with emphasis on Canadian, Latin American, and Asian arts, new artists, exhibition reviews, non-Western art, and feminist criticism. Topics include art history, archaeology, architecture, folk art, graphic arts, advertising, decorative arts, crafts, industrial and interior design, museology, film, video and photography. Feature articles are indexed, as well as bibliographies, notices of competitions and awards, reports of conferences and exhibitions, book and film reviews, and significant editorials and letters to the editor. Each also notes art reproductions used to illustrate articles and advertisements, under the artists' names.
Classics Research Guide: Using Indexes and Databases
to help select an Index.
Open Access Journals in Classics
Bryn Mawr Classical Review freely accessible online
AWOL - Ancient World Online list of Open Access Journals in Classics
Full Text Databases
Online Journals at K - Search and Find which journals the K Library subscribes to online!
> 16 titles in the Arts, with a wide range of topics.
Classics titles in JSTOR (45 titles) Archaeology titles
Some Classics journals in JSTOR:
- American Journal of Archaeology 1897 to 2004
- The American Journal of Philology 1880-2004
- Classical Philology 1906-2004
- The Classical Quarterly 1907-2004
- The Classical Review 1887-2004
- Greece & Rome 1931-2004
- Harvard Studies in Classical Philology
- Hesperia 1932-2006
- The Journal of Hellenic Studies 1880-2006
- The Journal of Roman Studies 1911-2006
Proquest Research Library is a fulltext database providing
access to over 2,000 periodicals. Graphics are included with
the fulltext for many articles. Users may search the entire
database or select specific subject modules (examples include
Arts, Women's Studies and Humanities). Users also may select
to search peer-reviewed journals only.
Some Classics journals in Proquest:
- Classical antiquity
- Classical bulletin
- Classical quarterly
- Classical review
- Greece and Rome
- Greek, Roman and Byzantine studies
Project MUSE offers the full text of Johns Hopkins University
Press scholarly journals via the world wide web. Journals
from these disciplines are included: the humanities, social
sciences and mathematics.
Some Classics journals in ProjectMUSE:
- American Journal of Philology (Vol. 117 (1996) through current issue)
- Arethusa (Vol. 29 (1996) through current issue)
- Classical World (Vol. 99 (2005) through current issue)
- Helios (Vol. 34 (2007) through current issue)
- Hesperia (Vol. 74 (2005); archive only)
- Transactions of the American Philological Association (Vol. 130 (2000)
through current issue)
Contains indexed and abstracted articles in html full text.
The database is comprised of records from Readers' Guide Abstracts,
Social Sciences Abstracts, Humanities Abstracts, General Science
Abstracts and Business Abstracts.
(Please note that each periodical can begin on a different month and year.)
Contains peer-reviewed, full-text articles from leading journals and
reference sources. With extensive coverage of the physical sciences,
technology, medicine, social sciences, the arts, theology, literature
and other subjects, Articles available in both PDF and HTML full-text.
> Artwork Image Database
| How to Access ARTstor from Off Campus
SILS Art Image Browser
Free Database of Images from the University of Michigan
Bridgeman Art Library
Free Database of Images Offers over 100,000 art images from
major international museums, galleries and auction houses.
Visual Collections: Images of Art, History, and Culture
Mix of free and licensed image collections compiled by David Rumsey
To find Web sites, use search engines and web indexes. See
Web Indexes and Directories.
Web Sites by Subject and
Finding Web Sites on Art.
WorldCat contains bibliographic citations for high-quality
Web sites on a variety of subjects. When you search WorldCat
for Web sites, remember to check the box for "Internet
Resources" in the section called "Limit type to".
Sites are selected according to a collection development policy
that emphasizes quality, authoritativeness, and durability.
See the Following Web Sites:
- Princeton University Library Research guide: Library Resources for Classics
- Univ. of Texas, Austin: Classics Resources And more
Classics Resources II from UT Austin
Electronic Resources for Classicists:
The Second Generation
Huge site compiling websites on all things Classical.
Site maintained by Maria C. Pantelia, University of California, Irvine
- Library of Congress Classical and Medieval History Websites List
Online journals and Reference works
- Internet Ancient History Sourcebook
The Ancient History Sourcebook includes links to texts, visual and
aural material. The emphasis is on access to primary source texts for
This site focuses on online texts, which, for the most part,
means public domain texts translated more than 75 years ago.
In many cases it is these older translations which are used in
commercially available sourcebooks. But note that, for classroom use,
in some cases the more modern translations are superior from a
pedagogic viewpoint: this is less the case with historiography
than with literature. In other words, use online resources well,
but don't get carried away!
- Voice of the Shuttle - Classics Resources
- Documents of Ancient Law - from the Yale Law School Library
- The Stoa Consortium
Serving news, projects, and links for digital classicists everywhere, and
Stoa Image Gallery
- Ancient World Mapping Center from the University of North Carolina. Some information is free, some is not.
Use these points to evaluate the credibility of Websites:
How reliable is the information? Are there editors and fact checkers?
What are the author's qualifications? Is the publisher reputable?
Is the author trying to sway opinion? Is the information free from bias?
Is the publication date indicated? Is the source up to date?
Does the site cover the topic comprehensively, or are there information gaps?
Sites that provide guidance on evaluating Websites:
Citing Your Sources
Chicago Manual of Style
14th ed. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Reference, Z253 .U69 2003.
Examples of Citations in the Chicago Style:
Disorderly Conduct: Visions of Gender in Victorian America.
||New York: A.A. Knopf, 1985.
|Edwards, Justin D. "Henry James's 'Alien' New York: Gender and Race in the
||American Scene." American Studies International 36, no. 1 (1998): 66-80.
Chapter in a Book:
| Schlereth, Thomas J. "Country Stores, County Fairs, and Mail-Order Catalogues:
||Consumption in Rural America." In Consuming Visions: Accumulation and Display
||of Goods in America, 1880-1920 edited by Simon J. Bronner, 251-300.
|| New York: Norton, 1989.
From the University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center.
See the The Chicago Manual of Style FAQ
web site for citing electronic resources in the Chicago Style.
for Writers of Research Papers
7th ed., New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009.
Reference, LB2369 .G53 2009.
Examples of Citations in the MLA Style:
|Beckson, Karl E. London in the 1890s: a Cultural History. New York : W.W. Norton,
|Dowling, Linda. "The Decadent and the New Woman in the 1890's."
|| Nineteenth-Century Fiction 33 (1979): 434-53.
Chapter in a Book:
|Hapgood, Lynne. "Urban Utopias: Socialism, Religion and the City, 1880 to 1900."
||Cultural Politics at the Fin de Siècle.
Ed. Sally Ledger and Scott McCracken.
||New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
- ASPA Guide
from the University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center.
ALWAYS check the style manual!! DO NOT rely on other guides!
See: How to Cite Sources
See also Citing Sources
for help in citing print and electronic resources in
various bibliographic styles (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.)