Music

Professors: Evans, Koehler (Co-Chair), Pixley, Tung (Co-Chair), Turner

The music department seeks to cultivate an understanding of the language and history of music and to nurture artistic skill and musicianship. Music performance is at the center of the curriculum, and all performance opportunities, both solo and ensemble, are available for majors and non-majors alike. Academic courses in music theory, music history, and practical musicianship combine with applied music to provide an integrated approach to the discipline.

The major or minor in music intensifies this integrated approach to create highly creative, analytical thinkers with self-discipline, independent organizational skills, and confidence in stage presence. They are welcomed by graduate schools and employers alike.

Requirements for the Major in Music

Number of Units
Ten units are required in addition to the prerequisite. AP credit accepted to meet prerequisite only.

Required Courses
Prerequisite: MUSC 105 completed with a grade of C or above. This prerequisite may also be met by examination or AP scores of 4 or 5.
MUSC 130 and 135 Music Theory Sequence
MUSC 150 and 155 Music History Sequence
MUSC 100 Program Music: Stories in Sound, MUSC 148 Music of World Cultures, MUSC 140 American Music, MUSC 165 Jazz Explorations, or MUSC 205 Music and Identity
MUSC 260 Conducting
MUSC 490 Senior Seminar

Electives
Three elective courses in the student's focus area selected from:
Ensembles (at least one of the three electives must be an ensemble)
Applied Music
MUSC 100 Program Music: Stories in Sound
MUSC 140 American Music
MUSC 148 Music of World Cultures
MUSC 161, 162, 163 Instrumental Methods
MUSC 165 Jazz Explorations
MUSC 205 Music and Identity
MUSC 465 Music Education Seminar
PSYC 285 Psychology of Music (strong background in Psychology is expected)

With few exceptions, transfer courses and coursework completed abroad may not count toward the major. Music majors must enroll in five quarters of Department of Music ensembles before graduation, and are encouraged to enroll in at least one ensemble each quarter of residency. They must also demonstrate keyboard proficiency, and complete a senior integrative examination or exercise. Majors who plan advanced music studies in graduate school or who aspire to professional careers are also strongly encouraged to complete their senior individualized project in the department. Although not explicitly required, most majors study applied music each quarter of residency. With few exceptions, each full unit of applied music credited toward the major must be achieved by the study in the same instrument.

Music Majors should seek the counsel of department faculty when planning to incorporate three optional programs available to all students at the College:

  1. The Career and Professional Development Cooperative Education & Internship Program. The Department Coordinator compiles a list of past CDs in music-related fields. Additional possibilities can be found in the CD Office and through consultation with individual faculty.
  2. Study Abroad. With sufficient advance consultation with music faculty and the CIP office, it is possible to create opportunities to continue music during study abroad. The Department Coordinator also has a large collection of informational brochures from music-oriented foreign study programs sponsored by other institutions.
  3. GLCA New York Arts Program. This program operates in conjunction with the Great Lakes Colleges Association staff and faculty in New York City and offers an opportunity for exceptionally qualified student artists to live and work as interns with professional artists. A wide variety of music-related internships are available and continuation of music performance study is also possible. The application process begins early Fall quarter for internships the following Winter quarter. Information is available from the Fine Arts Division Secretary or from campus faculty representative Andrew Koehler.

Cognate Fields: Majors interested in the field of Arts Management are encouraged to explore courses in the other arts and to acquire a background in Economics and Business Administration. Journalism courses are highly recommended. Likewise, majors interested in the fields of music education, music scholarship, music therapy, musical theater, church music, music criticism, etc. should consult with the music department and the appropriate cognate department.

Musical performances on campus should be attended by music majors, including concerts by invited guests, by Music Department Faculty, and by fellow music students.

Requirements for the Minor in Music

Students must also meet with a music department faculty member to discuss the planned focus area of the minor and draft an appropriate course plan.

Number of Units
A minimum of six units in addition to the prerequisite are required for the minor in music. AP credit accepted to meet prerequisite only.

Required Courses
Prerequisite: MUSC 105 completed with a grade of C or above. This prerequisite may also be met by examination or AP score of 4 or 5.

At least three units, appropriate to the student's focus area, selected from the following courses. At least one of these units must be MUSC 130, 135, 140, 148, 150, 155, or 165:
MUSC 100 Program Music: Stories in Sound
MUSC 130, 135 Music Theory Sequence
MUSC 140 American Music
MUSC 148 Music of World Cultures
MUSC 150, 155 Music History Sequence
MUSC 161, 162, 163 Instrumental Methods
MUSC 165 Jazz Explorations
MUSC 205 Music and Identity
MUSC 260 Conducting
MUSC 465 Music Education Seminar
MUSC 490 Senior Seminar
PSYC 285 Psychology of Music (strong background in Psychology is expected)

Remaining units of the minor may include applied and ensemble credits and should focus in a clearly defined area of concentration.

With few exceptions, transfer courses and coursework completed abroad may not count toward the minor, and each full unit of applied music credited toward the minor must be achieved by study in the same instrument.

Musical performances on campus should be attended by music minor, including concerts by invited guests, by Music Department Faculty, and by fellow music students.

Music courses

MUSC100Program Music: Stories in SoundProgram music is instrumental music influenced by an extra-musical source. In other words, the music contains a "program" or story. The program can be drawn from any source, but is usually taken from literature, myths, legends, landscapes, paintings,or personal dramas. Therefore, in addition to studying the music, this course will examine the extra-musical influences associated with the music. To further enhance your understanding and appreciation of this genre, you will produce four programmatic works of your own by creating multimedia presentations using music and images in support of an original story or borrowed program. No prior training or experience in music is assumed or necessary. The cultivation of intelligent and perceptive responses to programmatic music will be the primary focus as we explore the many aspects of this genre, be they cultural, mechanical, or expressive.
MUSC105Introduction to MusicStudy of the language, power, and communicative properties of music in the Western tradition. Selected works, both popular and classical and ranging in time from the Middle Ages to the present, will be listened to and discussed with an emphasis on their musical style and cultural-social context. Students will also acquire basic skills in music literacy, theory, and aural comprehension. Class activities will include guest performances, concert attendance (on and off campus), and behind-the-scenes looks at what goes into making music. Aural comprehension will be reinforced in a required lab, meeting for one hour a week, time to be arranged. Students considering a major in Music should enroll in MUSC 105 in either the freshman or sophomore fall quarter. No music reading or basic theory knowledge is expected.
MUSC130Western Music Theory and Analysis IBuilding upon the skills acquired in MUSC 105, students use two voice counterpoint as a gateway to fluency in writing complete four-part phrases in tonal harmony. They will discover how these principles of voice-leading and harmonic grammar form the foundation of historic and contemporary musical styles. Aural comprehension skills are acquired from the concurrent lab for the course.Prerequisite: MUSC-105 or permission
MUSC135Western Music Theory and Analysis IIBuilding upon the skills acquired in MUSC 170, students will study techniques of modulation, as well as expressive and coloristic devices leading to late 19th century chromaticism, leading into 20th century practices. These elements will be part of further study of popular and art song form, theme and variations, rondo and sonata. Class meetings will include both lecture and workshops. Coordinated aural comprehension skills are acquired from the concurrent lab for this course.Prerequisite: MUSC-130 or permission
MUSC140American MusicSurvey of music in America from the pilgrims to the present, including music from the cultivated (classical) and vernacular (popular) traditions. Topics include music of Native Americans, psalmody and hymnody, the Sacred Harp tradition, Yankee tunesmiths, African-American music, Civil War songs, the development of the symphony orchestra and other aspects of the classical tradition, the Second New England School, Tin Pan Alley, the American musical, jazz, blues, ragtime, the American avant-garde, minimalism, and more. No music reading or basic theory knowledge expected.
MUSC148Music of World CulturesStudy of music of various cultures within their social contexts. The course includes folk, traditional, classical, and popular music from selected traditions in Africa, India, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. It presents music as an evolving process and the performance of music as an expression of individual and cultural identity. Using readings, discussions, guest lectures and performances, CDs, and films, the course provides a framework for comparison of musical cultures from different parts of the world. No music reading or basic theory knowledge required.
MUSC150Western Music Before 1750Study of the developments in musical style from the Middle Ages through the Baroque including sacred and secular music of Italy, Germany, France, England, and the Netherlands. Representative works from all topics will be presented in their stylistic and cultural contexts. Prerequisite: Music reading and basic theory knowledge is expected, and can be provided in supplement to the course.
MUSC155Western Art Music After 1750An historical and textual survey of the music produced during the Classical, Romantic and Modern ears. Representative works--among the topics considered will be Lied, Opera, Symphony, Programmatic Music, Atonal and Serial Music-will be presented in their stylistic and cultural contexts. Prerequisite: Music reading and basic theory knowledge is expected, and can be provided in supplement to the course.
MUSC161Instrumental Music Methods: BrassBasic techniques of playing orchestra and band instruments; emphasis on understanding the principles and problems of playing brass. No music reading or basic theory knowledge is required.
MUSC162Instrumental Music Methods: WoodwindsBasic techniques of playing orchestra and band instruments; emphasis on understanding the principles and problems of playing woodwinds. No music reading or basic theory knowledge is required.
MUSC163Instrumental Music Methods: StringsBasic techniques of playing the four orchestral stringed instruments. No music reading or basic theory knowledge is required.
MUSC165Jazz: A Creative and Cultural ExplorationThis course is intended to introduce students to the cultural context, instrumentation, theory, form, and analysis of jazz from its early West African roots to contemporary times. Emphasis will be placed on listening to various artists and styles. No music reading or basic theory knowledge is required.
MUSC205/SEMN 256Music and IdentityMusic serves multiple roles: a force for social transformation, a flag of resistance, a proclamation of cultural identity, a catalyst for expressing emotion, an avenue to experiencing the sacred. Students will look at identity through the lens of contemporary and traditional American music and will consider how race, ethnicity, age, gender, national identity, and other factors express themselves in and are shaped by music. The ability to read music or understand basic music theory is not required; a love of music and an interest in American culture are essential. This course is a Shared Passages Sophomore Seminar. Prerequisite: Sophomores Only
MUSC260ConductingA study of the general rudiments of ensemble conducting through an emphasis on the orchestral literature. After an introduction to critical score-reading concepts (analysis skills, transposition, special terms, historical background), the remainder of the course is dedicated to practical application, with students receiving weekly podium time in front of a small laboratory ensemble. Offered Spring quarter, even yearsPrerequisite: MUSC-105 or permission
MUSC465Music Education SeminarAn examination of the philosophy, methods, and materials for teaching instrumental, vocal, and general music, K-12. The course is designed to prepare students for successful careers in music education. Topics include rehearsal techniques, budgeting time and money, classroom methods and management, developing and maintaining an inventory, recruitment strategies, library acquisition and management, and networking skills. As part of the course of study, each student will be assigned to a large ensemble to serve as an assistant to the director. Each student will also engage in off-campus classroom observation. Prerequisite: MUSC-105 or permission. Junior or senior standing.
MUSC490Senior SeminarUpper-division course whose objective is to encourage integration and discovery of relationships between such areas as academics, performance, career development, the SIP, and careers in music. Research and analysis skills will be connected to contemporary issues in musical life, themes in music history, and alternative perspectives in style analysis. Prerequisite: Permission
MUSC593Senior Individualized ProjectEach program or department sets its own requirements for Senior Individualized Projects done in that department, including the range of acceptable projects, the required background of students doing projects, the format of the SIP, and the expected scope and depth of projects. See the Kalamazoo Curriculum -> Curriculum Details and Policies section of the Academic Catalog for more details.Prerequisite: Permission of department and SIP supervisor required.

About Music Ensembles

All students at Kalamazoo College may participate in ensembles. Generally meeting twice a week for periods of an hour and a half, ensembles do not conflict with the regular course schedule. Credit can be given only to those students who actively participate in concert performances of that ensemble. A student may earn up to 5 units in Music Ensembles and Applied Music combined toward graduation; as many as three of those may be applied to the Major or Minor.

Music Ensembles

MUSC200ACollege SingersMajor choral organization on campus emphasizing diverse repertoire and varied performance experiences, including a major performance each quarter.Prerequisite: Vocal evaluation
MUSC200BChamber ChoirParticipation by advanced choral singers with good sight-reading and ensemble skills; varied choral experiences.Prerequisite: Audition
MUSC200CBach Festival ChorusParticipation in the annual College Festival in conjunction with the Kalamazoo community.Prerequisite: Audition
MUSC200DSymphonic BandMajor band organization emphasizing a variety of music for brass, woodwinds, and percussion; ability to play a band instrument required. Previous band experience expected.
MUSC200DIIS: Symphonic Band
MUSC200EChamber MusicAd hoc instrumental and/or vocal ensembles arranged with the music faculty.
MUSC200FInternational Percussion EnsemblePerformance and study of International percussion traditions from around the world. Students may choose to participate in West African drumming, Japanese Taiko, South Indian classical drumming (mridangam), Caribbean steel "pan" drumming, or marimba ensemble. One college concert is presented each quarter.
MUSC200GJazz BandPerformance of standard and contemporary jazz arrangements for band and/or small combo; music reading required, but no previous improvisational or jazz band experience needed.Prerequisite: Audition
MUSC200HKalamazoo PhilharmoniaA full symphonic orchestra that rehearses once weekly and performs at least one full program each quarter. Registered students also are required to participate in small chamber ensembles, which put on a separate performance each quarter. Proficient string, wind, brass, and percussion players are invited to audition; previous experience is preferred.Prerequisite: Audition
MUSC200IImprovisation WorkshopFor the inquisitive musician who desires to learn the why and how of jazz improvisation, theory, and composition, juxtaposed with intimate jazz ensemble playing with emphasis on improvisation.
MUSC200JAccompanyingPerformance opportunities open to advanced keyboardists by audition.

About Applied Music

Professional musicians and teachers from the community join with the regular faculty of Kalamazoo College to staff this facet of the music program. As many as 20 additional faculty members teach individual instruments and voice, offering a wide range of opportunities to all students.

Applied music study facilitates technical command, interpretive insight, and understanding of pedagogical procedures. The courses stress development of ability to perform with competence and musical understanding, while providing a comprehensive background in music of various periods, styles, and composers. At the end of each quarter, every student taking applied music must play a hearing before a group of music faculty members. Attendance at two performance area classes and the applied music recital each quarter is also required of students enrolled in applied music.

Applied music is credited in the same manner as the ensembles: 1/5 unit is earned for each quarter of participation. Upon the recommendation of the instructor, very advanced students may complete a full unit in the third or fourth quarter of study by presenting a recital. A student may earn up to 5 units in Music Ensembles and Applied Music combined toward graduation; as many as three of those may be applied to the Major or Minor.

An extra fee is charged for applied music instruction.

Applied Music courses

MUSC210Group Guitar Fundamentals
MUSC214Recording Technology
MUSC221Composition
MUSC221JJazz Arranging and Composition
MUSC222Piano
MUSC222JJazz Piano
MUSC222SPiano-Service Learning
MUSC224Harp
MUSC225Organ
MUSC226Keyboard Accompanying
MUSC230Voice
MUSC230JJazz Voice
MUSC240Viola and Beginning Violin
MUSC240AViolin
MUSC241Cello
MUSC242String Bass
MUSC243Guitar
MUSC243JJazz Guitar
MUSC250Clarinet
MUSC252Flute
MUSC253Oboe
MUSC254Bassoon
MUSC255Saxophone
MUSC261Advanced Conducting
MUSC270Trumpet
MUSC271Trombone
MUSC272French Horn
MUSC273Tuba
MUSC274Euphonium
MUSC280Percussion